Research Publications

Anthony Agumagu

Perception of Infestation Problems on Cassava Farms and Preference for Weed Management Practices in Humid Agro- Ecological Zone of Nigeria

Anthony Agumagu (2008); Olufemi Martins Adesope; Edna Chioma Matthews-Njoku ;


The problem of weed infestation on cassava farms is a major factor for low crop yield. This problem has caused untold hardship on the small-scale cassava farms where production at the subsistence level and where farmers still manage to produce some quantity for sale. The study examines cassava farmers’ perception of problems of infestation and preference for weed management practices in the humid agro-ecological zone of Nigeria. Data was collected with the aid of questionnaire and interviews. Random sampling technique was used to select 117 small-scale cassava farmers in the study area. Data analysis was done by simple descriptive statistics such as frequency, percentage and mean. Findings of the study revealed that majority of the respondents (73.5%) grow cassava for both household use and for sale. The major source of labour identified by respondents was family labour (51.3%). About 55% of the respondents obtained cassava planting materials from the open market. Findings showed that the commonest weed control measures used by cassava farmers were hand pulling (100%), and hoes/cutlass (100%). However, the most preferred weed control measures identified include hoes/cutlass (100%), use of machines (100%), and a combination of methods (100%). Major problems affecting cassava farms as identified by respondents include grasses (88%), broadleaf weeds (66.6%), rodents (64.1%), other animals (63.3%), cassava rot (53.9%) and insect pests (48.7%). Extension education should focus on the preferred weed control measures identified by respondents so as to work out modalities for their adequate use. This can be possible if regular extension farmer forum is ensured.

preference; infestation; weed management practices



Effect of personal characteristics of extension managers and supervisors on information technology needs in the Niger Delta area of Nigeria

O.M. Adesope (2007)
C.C Asiabaka
A.C. Agumagu


This paper examines the effect of personal characteristics of Extension managers and supervisors on their information technology needs in the Niger delta area of Nigeria. Data collection was with the aid of a structured questionnaire administered to 87 respondents in the study area. The z-test result showed that there is no significant difference in the Information Technology needs of both categories of respondents. Findings also revealed that number of associations belonged to, educational qualification, training, category of organization were the personal characteristics that significantly influenced information technologies needed by extension managers and supervisors. It is therefore recommended that training in various areas of Information Technology such as use of Internet, sending and receiving e-mails, surfing the web, using chat rooms, and newsgroups, should be enforced to further enhance the performance of extension managers in the discharge of their duties. This is to make the recipients ready to meet challenges in the contemporary global network of Information Technology.Extension Managers and Supervisors should be encouraged to belong to Professional Associations in their various disciplines. This should be made compulsory and possibly a condition for promotions so that it can be adhered to. Allowances should however be made available and regularly too, for such activities.Extension Managers and Supervisors should be given available opportunity to use and apply Information Technologies regularly. This will expose them significantly and encourage a fuse into the global community.

Key words: Extension managers, supervisors, information technology needed

Attitude of youth corpers towards the community development service NYSC in Nigeria

AC Agumagu, OM Adesope, EC Matthews-Njoku

No abstract

          Evaluation Of Farmers\' Extension Education Needs In Ohaji/Egbema Local Government Area Of Imo State, Nigeria

A C Agumagu, O M Adesope (2006)



The study evaluated farmers extension education needs in Ohaji/Egbema local government area of Imo State, Nigeria. Data for the study was collected with the aid of questionnaire and interview from 124 randomly selected farmers in the study area. Data analysis was with the use of frequencies, percentages and Pearson correlation. Findings showed that most respondents were married (77%) and less than 40 years and hence physically active for agricultural activities. Most of the respondents (77%) were formally educated and had farm sizes less than 1 hectare. A great percentage of the respondents earned between N5, 000($38.46) and N15, 000($115.38) per month from their farm work. Also, about 50% of the respondents had farming experience of between 2 and 7 years which is moderate. However, most respondents (51.6%) had between 1 and 2 contacts with extension which is not very encouraging. The major areas where respondents needed extension education include preventing crop diseases (79.0%), obtaining fertilizer (77.4%), fertilizer use (74.2%), improving yields of livestock (71.0%), preventing livestock diseases (67.7%), and improving skills in agriculture (62.9%). Most respondents obtain agricultural information from their friends (50%). The major factors that influenced respondents' extension education needs were age, farming experience and farm size. It is therefore recommended that adequate extension services be made available to farmers and adequate awareness campaigns launched need to be created about the importance of improved agricultural practices so that farmers can improve their production in both crop and livestock sub-sectors.

Keywords: Extension education needs, Ohaji/Egbema local government area, Imo State, Nigeria

Effects of Climate Change on Fluted Pumpkin Production and Adaptaton Measures Used Among Farmers in Rivers State

CC Ifeanyi-Obi, CC Asiabaka, E Matthews-Njoku, FN Nnadi, AC Agumagu, OM Adesope (2012), FO Issa, RN Nwakwasi




The importance of fluted pumpkin crop in rural household economy cannot be over emphasized. Farmers in the South South Nigeria depend greatly on fluted pumpkin for its many uses. The production however is beset with a myriad of constraints of which climate change is one of the most outstanding. The study assessed the effects of climate change and adaptation measures used by fluted pumpkin farmers in Ikwerre Local Government Area(LGA) of Rivers State, Southsouth Nigeria. Multi-stage sampling technique was used to select respondents for the study. Out of the twelve communities that make up Ikwerre LGA, six communities were randomly chosen from which one hundred and eighty fluted pumpkin farmers were proportionately selected. Interview schedule and focus group discussion were used to elicit in depth information from respondents. Data were analyzed using percentage, frequency count and mean. Tables and charts were used in presentation of data. The result of the study showed that 51 percent of the respondents were female, majority were married (77 percent) and were full time farmers (79 percent). Relatively large proportion had no formal education (42 percent) and indicated both consumption and sale (79 percent) as the major aim of production. The respondents perceived that unpredictable climate condition, changes in rainfall pattern, changes in rainfall distribution, reduced yield of fluted pumpkin and reduction of family income were the major effects of climate change on fluted pumpkin production. A combination of fluted pumpkin production with other income generating activities was shown to be the most widely used adaptation strategy by respondents. Based on the results of the study it was recommended that improved extension services that can provide the needed farming inputs (fluted pumpkin seedlings, fertilizers e.t.c) as well as useful and relevant information on climate change and adaptation strategies should be made available to the people.





Gender differential perception about agricultural and rural development news in Nigerian newspapers

OM Adesope, AC Agumagu (2005)




The differences in the perception of males and females about agricultural and rural development news in Nigerian newspapers were investigated in this study. Seventy four randomly selected readers of Newspapers were involved in this study and data collection was by use of questionnaire. Frequencies, percentages, means, and Spearman rank correlation were used to analyze data. The study found that males and females have moderately high attraction towards agricultural and rural development news. There was no significant mean difference between response of males and those of females on attraction towards agricultural and rural development news. A significant relationship was however found to exist between types of news read between the two genders.

Keywords: perception, agricultural and rural development news, newspapers




Needs Assessment Survey on Enterprise Development in the Niger Delta Area of Nigeria.

Author(s): Adesope, O. M.; Amadi, N. S.; Agumagu, A. C. (July, 2010)

Abstract: This paper focused on a needs assessment survey on enterprise development in the Niger Delta area of Nigeria. The authors collected data with the aid of questionnaires administered to 2,153 respondents in the study area, which they analysed using descriptive tools. Findings revealed that the respondents were mostly unemployed and did not have business ideas. They also generally lacked vocational and entrepreneurial development skills as well as adequate knowledge of the activities of the Small and Medium Enterprise Development Agency of Nigeria (SMEDAN) in Rivers State. The authors recommend that SMEDAN should organise sensitisation workshops in all local government areas so that the people in the State will have adequate knowledge of its activities. Additional functional empowerment schemes should also be established to make sure that people have functional skills to ensure sustainability. The government should also put in place an active labour market policy for youth employment in the State.

Rural Households\' Involvement In Social Forestry Practices In Imo State, Nigeria

OM Adesope, AC Agumagu (2007), SL Larinde, PO Anegbeh



Social forestry practice is an emerging concept in which rural people engage in tree farming for their own benefit. Rural households in Nigeria have not been able to embrace social forestry because the potentials of planted forests and agro-forestry to alleviate socio-environmental problems are not well understood. The involvement of rural household in social forestry practices in Imo State, Nigeria was evaluated. A structured questionnaire was administered on 80 randomly selected respondents to elicit information on social forestry practices. Data obtained were analysed using descriptive statistics. Results revealed a low level of involvement in social forestry practices. The involvement in social forestry practice is hampered by problems related to land acquisition, lack of funds, information flow, ignorance of importance of social forestry to the rural community. Suggestions were made to address fundamental strategies that can improve the introduction, adoption and operation of social forestry in the study area.

Keywords: Rural households, social forestry practices, involvement




Veterinary services needs of rural livestock farmers in imo state, Nigeria

OM Adesope, C Edna Matthews-Njoku, AC Agumagu (2006)




The study ascertained veterinary services needed by rural livestock farmers in Imo State, Nigeria. Data were collected from 80 randomly selected livestock farmers in the study area with the aid of questionnaire and interview schedule. Data analysis was by frequency, percentage, mean, and Ordinary Least Square Multiple Regression. The significant veterinary services needed by farmers were vaccination, de-worming, treatment of sick animals, adequate feeding, curative treatment, identification of animal diseases and livestock management. The predictors of Veterinary services needs of farmers were found to include income, gender, primary occupation and education. It is therefore suggested that livestock extension programs should be planned bearing in mind the predictors found in this study. Adequate awareness on the various animal healthcare services is desirable.




Agriculture Lecturers’ Perception of the Benefits of Professional Meetings in Nigeria

OM Adesope, CC Ifeanyi-obi, EC Matthews-Njoku, AC Agumagu (2014), CC Asiabaka, JU Mgbada




The study assessed Agriculture lecturer’s perception of the benefits of professional meetings in Nigeria. The study was conducted in Southeast and southsouth geo political zone of Nigeria. Multistage sampling technique was used to select eighty agriculture lecturers for the study. Data were collected with the aid of structured questionnaire and analysed using frequency counts, percentages and mean. Of the eighty agriculture lecturers used for the study, 59% were male, 81% married and 55% had their doctorate degree. The mean age and working experience were 43yrs and 11yrs respectively. Majority (98.8%) had attended national professional meetings in the past five years while only 32.5% had attended international professional meetings in the past five years. Also, 77% attend at most two professional meetings in a year. Of the five professional meetings (conferences, workshop, trainings, symposiums and seminar) examined in this study, result show that agriculture lecturers attach so much value to conferences (M =3.78). It was also shown that agriculture lecturers strongly perceive the benefits of professional meetings to be: connects one to relevant networking team (M = 3.86), exposes one to new arrears in agriculture (M = 3.82) and gives one the opportunity to contribute his/her quota to knowledge. Based on the results of the study, it was recommended the need to support agriculture lecturer’s attendance to international conferences and other international professional meetings to enable them expand their networking and collaboration activities. This is by offering sponsorships and other incentives to lecturers whose papers are accepted for presentation in such meetings.

Key words: professional meetings, benefits.




Credit Delivery Systems In Rural Nigeria: Issues And Implications For Rural Transformation

ON Nwaogwugwu, OM Adesope, AC Agumagu (2007)




Resource mobilization and distribution for the development of backward areas has remained a critical issue in the Nigerian nation in recent times. This paper takes a look on Credit Deliver Systems in rural Nigeria: Issues and Implication for rural transformation. Attempt is made to examine the available credit delivery mechanisms in rural Nigeria communities, spotlighting their shortfalls in the rural transformation process. It however suggest ways of building an efficient and effective credit delivery system to enhance rural transformation drive in Nigeria

Keywords: Credit, Delivery Systems, Rural Transformation


ISSN: 0794-1005



Fostering Rural Social Organizations: A Bottom-Up Paradigm In Sustainable Rural Transformation In Nigeria

ON Nwaogwugwu, OM Adesope, AC Agumagu (2007)




Rural and agricultural transformation has remained one of the main policy thrusts of successive governments in Nigeria for over the last three decades. Among the organizations and agencies serving as anchors to this drive, rural social organizations occupy the driver’s seat in rural and agricultural transformation in Nigeria. This paper therefore examines rural social organizations in bottom-up paradigm in sustainable rural transformation in Nigeria. In an attempt to justify the continued involvement of rural social organizations in rural transformation, the paper takes an overview on the short and long term strategies adopted so far by rural social organizations and their implications on rural development policy issues in Nigeria.

 ISSN: 1597-0906




Econometric modeling of the effects of economic policies on food output in Nigeria under Obasanjo's administration.


Onoja, A. O.; Agumagu, A. C. (2009)






This study attempted modeling the impact of economic policy variables of Obasanjo's administration on food output in Nigeria. The study used secondary data which was analyzed using multiple regression models. Following detection of autocorrelation in that model it was modified using the Generalized Difference Equation (GDE) and Prais-Winsten Transformation before applying OLS to the transformation. The final results of the OLS estimates were re-tested for autocorrelation before the final discussion. The study's findings indicts the Federal Government (1999-2006), commercial banks, and the Agricultural Credit Guarantee Scheme Fund of doing very little to advance the course of food production in the country with statistically insignificant coefficient values of the policy variables. The recommendations made included the need for CBN to monitor commercial bank loans to agriculture, reform of the Agricultural Credit Guarantee Scheme, subsidizing of commercial bank's interest rate of agricultural loans, and increase in budgetary allocation to agriculture.




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